December 22, 1995 in history


On this day, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution on Nigeria in which it condemned the executions of Ken Saro Wiwa and other activists. It also welcomed the steps taken by the Commonwealth, and expressed the hope that those actions and other possible actions by other countries would encourage Nigeria to restore democratic rule, thus encouraging member states to impose their own sanctions even without Security Council action.

The United Nations Human Rights Committee, monitoring compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), found severe violations of the ICCPR by Nigeria in April and July of the same year, on considering Nigeria’s first report submitted to the committee in accordance with the terms of the covenant. The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention considered and denounced a number of cases of detention without trial in Nigeria. Different organs of the International Labour Organization conference also adopted resolutions condemning Nigeria’s violations of the right to freedom of association.

All European Union member states recalled their ambassadors for consultation following the executions. All the member states agreed to impose visa restrictions on members (including civilians) of the Nigerian Provisional Ruling Council and the Federal Executive Council and their families (in addition to members of the Nigerian military and security forces and their families, on whom restrictions were imposed in 1993); to expel all the military personnel attached to the diplomatic missions of Nigeria in members states and to withdraw all military personnel attached to diplomatic missions of European Union members in Nigeria; to deny visas to official delegations in the field of sports and to national teams; to introduce a prospective embargo on arms, munitions, and military equipment (allowing existing contracts to be fulfilled); and to suspend development cooperation except to projects through non-governmental organizations and local civilian authorities.


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